WMD Overview
With the US having recently fought the war on Iraq allegedly in order to control WMD proliferation, and with a few more such wars probably on the way, it is worth considering just what kind of an example the US, with the world's largest stores of WMD, is setting the rest of the world.

Nuclear View comments     
Oct 1999 Article ( cached )
       The US Senate decides not to ratify the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (designed to prevent testing of nuclear weapons and hence reduce the chance of an arms race), drawing widespread criticism.           
Dec 2001 Nuclear Posture review ( cached ) See also: 1 2 3 4 5 
       The Nuclear Posture Review is submitted to Congress, a comprehensive review laying out the direction for American nuclear forces over the next five to ten years. It looks at making America's atomic arsenal more 'usable' (rather than just as weapons of deterrence), talking about the development of new nuclear bunker-busting bombs and speculating that adhering to the Comprehensive Test Ban 'may not be possible for the indefinite future'. It also puts into question recent steps made by US and Russia towards reducing their nuclear arsenals.           
Feb 19, 2003 Guardian article ( cached )
       Documents leaked revealing that the Bush administration is planning a secret meeting in August to discuss the construction of a new generation of nuclear weapons, including "mini-nukes", "bunker-busters" and neutron bombs designed to destroy chemical or biological agents, according to a leaked Pentagon document. The meeting would also decide whether to restart nuclear testing and how to convince the American public that the new weapons are necessary.           
Mar 7, 2003 Guardian article ( cached ) See also: 1 
       The Pentagon asks the US Congress to lift a 10-year ban on developing small nuclear warheads, or "mini-nukes".           
Apr 24, 2003 LA Times article ( cached ) See also: 1 2 3 4 5 
       The US regains the capability to make nuclear weapons for the first time in 14 years and resumes production of plutonium parts for bombs.           
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Biological + Chemical View comments     
1987 Article ( cached ) See also: 1 2 3 
       The Foundation for Economic Trends forces the Department of Defense to divulge its operation of 127 chemical and biological warfare research sites in the US. This despite a treaty at the time banning research and development of biological agents.           
May 1998 Article ( cached )
       The US Senate approves legislation that restricts international inspections of chemical sites in the United States, effectively killing the Chemical Weapons Convention.           
July 1998 Time article ( cached )
       CNN and Time magazine report on the use of nerve gas by US special forces in Laos.           
July 1998 Article ( cached ) See also: 1 2 3 4 
       CNN and Time magazine are forced to retract their reports under pressure from the US military, the CIA and figures such as Kissinger, Helms and Colin Powell. The two reporters who brought us the story stand by it and are fired.

An independent review by CNN however acknowledges that the reporters conscientiously and honestly amassed a considerable basis of evidence to support their conclusions, and that the confidential sources interviewed by the reporters were reputable.
Oct 1998 BBC article ( cached ) See also: 1 2 
       Dutch media claim that an Israeli plane which crashed in Holland was carrying a chemical used for nerve gas from a US factory to the Institute for Biological Research in Ness Ziona near Tel Aviv. The Dutch health ministry believes that up to 300 residents could be suffering from effects caused by the accident.           
Feb-Mar 2001 Article ( cached ) See also: 1 2 3 
       Israel (the world's top recipient of US military aid) uses poison gas on Palestinian civilians. Symptoms are typical of nerve gas poisoning.           
July 2001 Article ( cached ) See also: 1 2 
       US renounces efforts to negotiate a verification process for the Biological Weapons Convention and brings an international conference on the matter to a halt.           
August 2001 BBC article ( cached )
       US refuses to sign an international treaty banning germ warfare, saying it would put national security and confidential business information at risk.           
Dec 2001 Washington Post article ( cached ) See also: 1 2 
       Some of the anthrax spores used in the recent anthrax attacks in the US are found to be biologically identical to bacteria secretly manufactured at a US germ warfare facility at the Dugway Proving Ground (about 80 miles southwest of Salt Lake City, Utah) during the last decade. The lab has a long history of secret research (including dengue fever and a controversy in the 60s when thousands of sheep and other animals died downwind of the facility, showing symptoms of having been exposed to nerve gas), and the revelation that it has been secretly producing Anthrax only adds to concerns.           
April 2002 Washington Post article ( cached )
       For the second time in the month, an anthrax leak is found at an Army biodefense research building in Frederick.           
May 2002 CBS News article ( cached ) See also: 1 2 
       The Pentagon acknowledges using two kinds of nerve gas and a biological toxin in tests on over 1000 US sailors in the 1960s.           
Oct 2002 Reuters article ( cached ) See also: 1 2 3 4 5 
       Pentagon documents reveal that the US held open-air biological and chemical weapons tests in at least three states - Alaska, Hawaii and Utah - during the 1960s 'to try to develop defenses against such weapons', using the nerve agents sarin, soman, tabun and VX . According to the Defense Dept, an unknown number of civilians were exposed at the time to 'simulants', or what were then thought to be harmless agents meant to stand in for deadlier ones, however some of which were later discovered to be dangerous.           
Oct 2002 Guardian article ( cached )
       Respected scientists on both sides of the Atlantic warn that the US is developing a new generation of weapons that undermine and possibly violate international treaties on biological and chemical warfare, including research into the possibility of genetically engineering a new strain of antibiotic-resistant anthrax, a programme to produce dried and weaponised anthrax spores, and 'non-lethal' weapons similar to the gas Russian forces used to break the Moscow theatre siege.           
Dec 2002 Sunday Herald article ( cached )
       A Sunday Herald investigation reveals that Britain is supplying chemical warfare technology to 26 countries including Libya, Syria, Sudan, Israel and Iran (which was labelled part of the 'axis of evil' by Bush). The lethal chemicals being exported are illegal under international law and controlled under the chemical weapons convention because they can be used in weapons of mass destruction.           
Dec 2002 Article ( cached ) See also: 1 
       Iraq releases weapons declaration. Before releasing to the public, the US Government confiscates all 12,000 pages, saying they contained "sensitive information" which needed "a little editing". Sensitive indeed. The original Iraqi documents listed 150 American, British and other foreign companies that supplied Iraq with its nuclear, chemical and missile technology, many of them in illegal transactions. In 2000 Peter Hain, then a Foreign Office Minister, blocked a parliamentary request to publish the full list of lawbreaking British companies. He has never explained why.           
Jan 6, 2003 Article ( cached ) See also: 1 
       Artillery shell found to be leaking mustard gas (a poisonous chemical compound used in World War I) at the US Blue Grass Army Depot which stores about 55,000 rockets, land mines and other artillery with about 523 tons of chemical weapons.           
Feb 5, 2003 Independent article ( cached ) See also: 1 2 3 4 
       Donald Rumsfeld reveals that military planners are preparing for the US to use incapacitating biochemical weapons in an invasion of Iraq, including use of gas or aerosols on unarmed Iraqi civilians, in caves, and on prisoners (thus violating the same treaties it purports to defend).           
Article ( cached ) See also: 1 2 
       US army scientists genetically reconstruct the 'Spanish Flu' influenza virus that killed 20-40 million people in 1918.           
Oct 2003 New Scientist article ( cached ) See also: 1 2 3 4 
       The US develops an extremely deadly form of mousepox, a relative of the smallpox virus, through genetic engineering. The cowpox virus, which infects a range of animals including humans, is also genetically altered in a similar way.           
Today BBC article ( cached ) See also: 1 2 
       Vietnamese continue to suffer from Agent Orange, the toxic defoliant used by US forces during the Vietnam war, which has been blamed for huge numbers of birth defects.           
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Napalm View comments     
1963-1971 Article ( cached )
       During the Vietnam war, it is estimated the US used a total of 338,237 tons of napalm.           
1980 Protocol ( cached )
       Protocol III of the Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Incendiary Weapons in Geneva bans the use of napalm due to it being 'deemed to be excessively injurious or to have indiscriminate effects'. The US however is not a party to this protocol.           
March 22, 2003 Sydney Morning Herald article ( cached ) See also: 1 
       The Sydney Morning Herald and CNN report on the US' use of Napalm in Iraq.           
August 2003 Disinformation Alert ( cached )
       The US air force website makes a point of emphatically denying its use, posting a 'disinformation alert' demanding the article's withdrawl and noting that the US's stock of napalm bombs was destroyed in 2001.           
August 2003 Sydney Morning Herald article ( cached ) See also: 1 2 
       Soon after, however, officials admit that the US did in fact use a compound which has the same effect as Napalm, but with a different name ('MK-77 firebombs'), and a slightly different composition.           
Sydney Morning Herald article ( cached ) See also: 1 2 3 
       The technicality seems a bit irrelevant however when the soldiers involved referred to the bombs as napalm, and that technically napalm only refers to a combination of naphthalene and palmitate which was only used in the very earliest versions of such bombs anyway (the napalm used in Vietnam for example used a different mixture, and was termed 'Napalm-B'). It appears in fact that the MK-77 firebombs represent simply a further improvement, having been made harder to extinguish than 'Napalm-B', thus perhaps 'Napalm-C' might be a more apt name and would certainly create less confusion.           
DoD Operational Briefing ( cached )
       With the above in mind, one can correctly understand Tommy Franks' comments following Al Jazeera's reports on the use of napalm in Afghanistan - 'Right. We're not using - we're not using the old napalm in Tora Bora'.           
Today Sydney Morning Herald article ( cached )
       Rock Island Arsenal in Illinois is continuing to make napalm, producing a further 500 MK-77 firebombs for the marines.           
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